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Choctaw Treaty of 1803 ( Mississippi Land to US)

KNOW YE, That the undersigned, commissioners plenipotentiary of the United
States of America, of the one part, and of the whole Choctaw nation of the
other part, being duly authorised by the President of the United States,
and by the chiefs and headmen of the said nation, do hereby establish in
conformity to the convention of Fort Confederation, for the line of
demarkation recognized in the said convention, the following metes and
bounds, viz: Beginning in the channel of the Hatchee Comesa, or Wax river,
at the point where the line of limits, between the United States and Spain
crosseth the same, thence up the channel of said river to the confluence of
the Chickasaw-Hay and Buckhatannee rivers, thence up the channel of the
Buckhatannee to Bogue Hooma or Red creek, thence up the said creek to a
Pine tree standing on the left bank of the same, and blazed on two of its
sides, about twelve links southwest of an old trading path, leading from
the town of Mobile to the Hewanee towns, much worn, but not in use at the
present time: - - From this tree we find the following bearings and
distances, viz: south fifty four degrees thirty minutes, west, one chain
, one link a black gum, north thirty nine degrees east one chain seventy five
links to a water oak; thence with the old British line of partition in its
various inflections, to a Mulberry post, planted on the right bank of the
main branch of Sintee Bogue or Snake creek, where it makes a sharp turn to
the south east, a large broken top Cypress-tree standing near the opposite
bank of the creek, which is about three poles wide, thence down the said
creek to the Tombigby river, thence down the Tombigby and Mobile rivers, to
the above mentioned line of limits between the United States and Spain, and
with the same to the point of beginning: And we, the said commissioners
plenipotentiary, do ratify and confirm the said line of demarkation, and do
recognise and acknowledge the same to be the boundary which shall separate
and distinguish the land ceded to the United States, between the Tombigby,
Mobile and Pascagola rivers, from that which has not been ceded by the said
Choctaw nation. /A/

In testimony whereof, we hereunto affix our hands and seals, this
thirty-first day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight
hundred and three, to triplicates of this tenor and date. Done at
Hoe-Buckin-too-pa, the day and year above written, and in the
twenty-seventh year of the independence of the United States.

James Wilkinson, (L.S.)
Mingo Pooscoos, his x mark, (L.S.)
Alatala Hooma, his x mark, (L.S.)
Witnesses present:
Young Gains, interpreter,
John Bowyer, captain Second United States Regiment,
Joseph Chambers, United States factor.
We the commissioners of the Choctaw nation duly appointed and the chiefs of
the said nation who reside on the Tombigby river, next to Sintee Bogue, do
acknowledge to have received from the United States of America, by the
hands of Brigadier General James Wilkinson, as a consideration in full for
the confirmation of the above concession, the following articles, viz.:
fifteen pieces of strouds, three rifles, one hundred and fifty blankets,
two hundred and fifty pounds of powder, two hundred and fifty pounds of
lead, one bridle, one man's saddle, and one black silk handkerchief.

Mingo Pooscoos, his x mark, (L.S.)
Alatala Hooma, his x mark, (L.S.)
Commissioners of the Choctaw nation
. Pio Mingo, his x mark, (L.S.)
Pasa Mastubby Mingo, his x mark, (L.S.)
Tappena Oakchia, his x mark, (L.S.)
Tuskenung Cooche, his x mark, (L.S.)
Cussoonuckchia, his x mark, (L.S.)
Pushapia, his x mark, (L.S.)
Chiefs residing on the Tombigbee near to St. Stephens.
Witnesses present:
Young Gains, interpreter,
John Bowyer, Captain Second United States Regiment,
Joseph Chambers, United States factor. A/ Proclamation, Dec. 26, 1803.

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Created 11 January 1998